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Central banks and inflation slow the pace

January 10, 2023
clock 13 MIN READ

Most equity markets finished in positive territory during the fourth quarter of 2022, trimming their losses for the full calendar year. Developed-market stocks marginally outperformed their emerging-market counterparts. Regionally, emerging markets in Europe generated the world’s strongest equity gains over the quarter, while developed markets in Europe and the Asia-Pacific region also performed well.2 Conversely, the North American market lagged as U.S. stocks posted relatively smaller gains.3

Despite the upturn in the fourth quarter, both fixed-income and equity markets chalked up big losses for the full 2022 calendar year—almost regardless of region or style. U.S. long-duration bonds, as represented by the Bloomberg Long U.S. Government/Credit Index, endured a stunning decline of 27%, exceeding the sharp losses sustained by U.S. and international equities. While emerging-market equities and bonds fared relatively better, the only asset class to post a positive absolute return for the year was commodities.

Yields on U.S. Treasury securities rose in the short and long parts of the curve over the quarter and declined modestly in the intermediate segment (yields and prices have an inverse relationship). Short-term yields increased by a larger margin than long-term yields. Consequently, the 2-to-10-year yield curve inverted further (short-term yields exceeded long-term yields), widening by 0.14% to 0.53%. U.K. gilt yields decreased across the curve during the reporting period. Eurozone government bond yields increased for all maturities, particularly at the short end of the curve.

Download the full commentary (PDF).

1 According to the MSCI World and MSCI Emerging Markets indexes.
2 According to the MSCI Emerging Markets Europe, MSCI Europe and MSCI Pacific indexes.
3 According to the MSCI North America and MSCI USA indexes.


This material represents an assessment of the market environment at a specific point in time and is not intended to be a forecast of future events, or a guarantee of future results. This information should not be relied upon by the reader as research or investment advice regarding SEI’s portfolios or any stock in particular, nor should it be construed as a recommendation to purchase or sell a security, including futures contracts.

There are risks involved with investing, including loss of principal. International investments may involve risk of capital loss from unfavorable fluctuation in currency values, from differences in generally accepted accounting principles or from economic or political instability in other nations. Emerging markets involve heightened risks related to the same factors as well as increased volatility and lower trading volume. Narrowly focused investments and smaller companies typically exhibit higher volatility. Bonds and bond funds will decrease in value as interest rates rise. High-yield bonds involve greater risks of default or downgrade and are more volatile than investment-grade securities, due to the speculative nature of their investments.

Diversification may not protect against market risk. Past performance does not guarantee future results. Index returns are for illustrative purposes only and do not represent actual portfolio performance. Index returns do not reflect any management fees, transaction costs or expenses. One cannot invest directly in an index.

Information provided by SEI Investments Management Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of SEI Investments Company (SEI).

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